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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Friday 23 June 2017

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In Press: THE INFLUENCE OF VITAMIN C INTAKE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TO BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL IN DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE II PATIENT



                 

Hayyu Felianingrum1, Kusdalinah2, and Betty Yosephin3

1 Nutritional Department, Polytechnic of Health Bengkulu, Indonesia
2 Nutritional Department, Polytechnic of Health Bengkulu, Indonesia
3 Nutritional Department, Polytechnic of Health Bengkulu, Indonesia

Original language: English

Received 8 February 2017

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia. Intakes of vitamin C, Magnesium, Chromium, fiber and physical activity can help normalizing blood glucose level so as to prevent hyperglycemia. The aim of this study is to find out particular relations between vitamin C, Magnesium, Chromium, fiber, as well as physical activity and blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes mellitus at Dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu. This study was cross sectional approach. Sample population is Diabetes Mellitus Type II. Sampling is performed using purposive sampling with 50 samples. Intake data were obtained through 2 x 24 hours food recall form and PAL form. Data were analyzed using correlation regression and multiple linear regression. There were significant correlations between intakes of vitamin C (p = 0.001), Magnesium (p = 0.027), fiber (p = 0.028), physical activity (p = 0.001) and random blood glucose levels in patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II. Conversely, there was no significant correlation between Chromium intake (p=0421) and blood glucose levels in patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II. The most dominant factors associated with blood glucose level in this study were vitamin C intake and physical activity.

Author Keywords: diabetes mellitus type II patient, micronutrient intake, physical activity.