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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 16 July 2018

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In Press: Impacts of Sky Liberalization options on Tourism Market Dynamics: Case Study of Tunisia



                 

Karim Kammoun1, Aymen Ghédira2, and Imen Ayoub3

1 University of Sfax, the Higher Institute of Industrial Management of Sfax, Tunisia
2 Université de Tunis, School of Economics and Commerce, DEFI Laboratory, Tunisia
3 University of Sousse, Higher Institute of Transport and Logistics, Tunisia

Original language: English

Received 28 April 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The positive impact of the liberalization of air transport, largely supported by the economic theory and "validated" by the empirical studies, has inspired many developing countries to liberalize some of their Air Service Agreements (ASA). After Nigeria and Morocco, Tunisia has signed in December 11th, 2017 the agreement of Open Sky with the European Union (EU), its historic economic partner. Thus, the Tunisian airlines will be exposed to key issues emanating from both the agreement and the activation of the Yamoussoukro Declaration signed more than 15 years ago. Given these potential deep conditioning mutations, in the future Tunisian air transport, this paper will attempt to predict and compare the dynamics of air demand in Tunisia from the initiation of both agreements. The aim of our work is to qualify the effects of the Tunisian-EU Open Sky and Yamoussoukro agreement based on the reproduction of passenger traffic Reference situation marked by its restrictive character, using macroeconomic factors (trade and GDP), the distance and the ASA liberalization indicator to build our econometric model. The comparison will be justified by a working simulation of various liberalization options.

Author Keywords: Air Service Agreements, Liberalization, Open Sky, Tourism, Yamoussoukro Accord.