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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Friday 15 November 2019

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  Call for Papers - November 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

The application of Plackett and Burman design in screening the parameters acting on the hydrodistillation process of Moroccan rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.)


Volume 8, Issue 1, September 2014, Pages 372–381

 The application of Plackett and Burman design in screening the parameters acting on the hydrodistillation process of Moroccan rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.)

Mouhcine Fadil1, Abdellah Farah2, Bouchaib Ihssane3, Taoufik Haloui4, and Saâd Rachiq5

1 Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
2 Laboratory of Medicinal, Aromatic Plants and Natural Substances, National Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Taounate, Morocco
3 Application Organic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
4 Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco
5 Laboratory of Functional Ecology and Environment, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 30 July 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Rosemary, Rosmarinus officinalis L., is an herb widely used throughout the world. It is, without doubt, one of the most popular plants in Morocco. For the purpose of examining the factors affecting the extraction of the essential oil of this plant by hydrodistillation, a screening study by Hadamard matrix type Plackett and Burman was conducted. After an appropriate choice of seven variables, sixteen experiments lead to a mathematical model of first degree connecting the response function (yield) to factors. Later than the realization of the experiments and data analysis, we concluded that six factors have a significant effect on the hydrodistillation process, namely: the extracting time, the individuality effect, the harvest period, the mass plant/water ratio, the drying of plant material and the temperature of heating. As for the cutting of plants, it presents a statistically negligible effect. Our study proved the great efficiency to applying the experiments design methodology for characterizing the operational parameters that affect the hydrodistillation. It is about a relevant and economical way which allows to obtain the maximum of information in a short time and, especially, with a minimum of experiments.

Author Keywords: Rosmarinus officinalis L., hydrodistillation, screening, Plackett and Burman design, yield.


How to Cite this Article


Mouhcine Fadil, Abdellah Farah, Bouchaib Ihssane, Taoufik Haloui, and Saâd Rachiq, “The application of Plackett and Burman design in screening the parameters acting on the hydrodistillation process of Moroccan rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 372–381, September 2014.