|
Twitter
|
Facebook
|
Google+
|
VKontakte
|
LinkedIn
|
Viadeo
|
English
|
Français
|
Español
|
العربية
|
 
International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 18 September 2019

About IJIAS

News

Submission

Downloads

Archives

Custom Search

Contact

Connect with IJIAS

  Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF GLACIAL HAZARD PRONE AREAS OF SHIGAR AND SHAYOK BASINS


Volume 14, Issue 3, February 2016, Pages 623–644

 GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF GLACIAL HAZARD PRONE AREAS OF SHIGAR AND SHAYOK BASINS

Syed Naseem Abbas Gilany1 and Javed Iqbal2

1 Institute of Geographical Information System, National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Institute of Geographical Information System, National University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan

Original language: English

Received 1 October 2015

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The glaciers of the Hindukush-Karakoram-Himalayan (HKH) region consist of a huge amount of perpetual snow and ice. These glaciers are retreating in the face of accelerating global warming. Assessment of glacial hazard is carried out in this research using Satellite and Topographic data.
About 5,218 large and small glaciers cover a glaciated area of 15,040 km2 and ice reserves of 2,738 km3. The Shayok, Hunza and Shigar basins contain the major part (83%) of ice reserves.
This research presents the glacial hazard computations of largest glaciers of Pakistan. The results computed through study are compared with mathematical model of ice reserves and ice thickness which has supplemented their validity. The correlation of glacial hazard of these glaciers with average temperature rise of northern areas is confirmed.
The location of a site, snow cover/ melting behavior of the glacier, slope/ aspect of glacier, geo-morphology of the rocks and glacier dynamics are taken as indicators of disasters in the form of avalanches, snow/ land slide and glacier breakdown in the form of debris along with rock material.
The percentage degree of risk of glacial hazard is computed, which indicates that three out of world's seven largest glaciers have experienced degradation / volume loss over the years subjected to host of factors including anthropogenic activities.
For analysis, various methods of image classification in visible and thermal bands are used. The DEM is incorporated to detect the indicators of hazard as slope, orientation and glacier mass balance of the glaciers overlooking the settlements. The results show that settlements are found threatened by disastrous events of glacial activity which is further reconfirmed during the field visits.

Author Keywords: Global Warming, Glacial Hazard, Settlements, Anthropogenic, Geo-morphology.


How to Cite this Article


Syed Naseem Abbas Gilany and Javed Iqbal, “GEOSPATIAL ANALYSIS OF GLACIAL HAZARD PRONE AREAS OF SHIGAR AND SHAYOK BASINS,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 623–644, February 2016.