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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 18 September 2019

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Characterization of agro-pastoral activities in of the upper and lower Uele Provinces


[ Caractérisation des activités agro-pastorales dans les provinces du Bas-Uélé et du Haut-Uélé ]

Volume 22, Issue 3, February 2018, Pages 247–258

 Characterization of agro-pastoral activities in of the upper and lower Uele Provinces

LANDA ZENGBE Bertin-Richard1, NYONGOMBE UTSHUDIENYEMA2, NSHIMBA SEYA WA MALALE3, and DANADU MIZANI4

1 Faculté de Sciences Agronomiques, Département de la Phytotechnie, Université de l’Uélé à Isiro, RD Congo
2 Faculté de Sciences Agronomiques, Département de la Zootechnie, Université Pédagogique Nationale à Kinshasa, RD Congo
3 Faculté des Sciences, Département d’Ecologie et Gestion des Ressources Végétales, Université de Kisangani à Kisangani, RD Congo
4 Faculté des Sciences, Département d’Ecologie et Gestion des Ressources Animales, Université de Kisangani à Kisangani, RD Congo

Original language: French

Received 12 November 2017

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


In the upper and lower Uele Provinces, the agro-pastoral activities practiced have a traditional characterization. These activities include crops and livestock. The farmers surveyed are more farmers than farmers. The cultivation system is slash-and-burn agriculture targeting low-productivity food crops harvested for two years on small areas of less than one hectare and then abandoned in search of another fertile land. Cattle breeding (poultry) in wandering and careless dominates over large livestock. The farmers surveyed use crops and livestock separately. They misunderstand the management of integrated agriculture (association crops + livestock). Cultural activities occupied more women (89%) than men (11%). Few young people are interested in agriculture. The majority of farmers (98.75%) grow during the rainy season and minority (1.25%) during the dry season in the shallows. The marketing of agro-pastoral products (96.67%) is done in most cases without accounting and use of the standard unit of measurement of sale. The processing, packaging and storage of agro-pastoral products is done 100% in a traditional way. The price of crop products is too low. The observation is that the characterization of the agro-pastoral activities observed is far from improving the living conditions of the farmers surveyed. Knowledge of the rational management of integrated farming by the surveyed farmers would be an asset to enhance their agro-pastoral potential, increase their agro-pastoral production and protect their environment.

Author Keywords: Agriculture, Livestock, Marketing, Management, Environment.


How to Cite this Article


LANDA ZENGBE Bertin-Richard, NYONGOMBE UTSHUDIENYEMA, NSHIMBA SEYA WA MALALE, and DANADU MIZANI, “Characterization of agro-pastoral activities in of the upper and lower Uele Provinces,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 247–258, February 2018.