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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 09 December 2019

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Epidemiology and risk factors of Poisoning in the north central region of Morocco (2013-2014)


Volume 23, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages 590–597

 Epidemiology and risk factors of Poisoning in the north central region of Morocco (2013-2014)

Meryem BOUKILI1, Fouzia RHAZI FILALI2, Sanaa BENLARABI3, Abdelmajid Soulaymani4, Zakaria ABIDLI5, Rachida Soulaymani-Bencheikh6, and Majda SEFIANI7

1 Team of Microbiology and Health, Laboratory of Chemistry-Biology Applied to the Environment, Department of biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, BP: 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
2 Team of Microbiology and Health, Laboratory of Chemistry-Biology Applied to the Environment, Department of biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, BP: 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
3 Moroccan Anti-Poison and Pharmacovigilance Center, Rabat, Morocco
4 Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Sciences of Kenitra, University Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
5 Laboratory of Genetics and Biometry, Faculty of Sciences of Kenitra, University Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
6 Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie, Université Mohammed V - Souissi, Rabat, Morocco
7 Team of Microbiology and Health, Laboratory of Chemistry-Biology Applied to the Environment, Department of biology, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, BP: 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 7 May 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The present study was aimed at determining the epidemiological profile and risk factors of poisonings in the north central region of Morocco (Meknes-Tafilalet) in 2013-2014. The data collected from a survey that was carried out on the poisonings registered by health delegations and hospitals in the region in 2013 and 2014, in addition to poisonings reported to the poison control and pharmacovigilance center of Morocco (PPCM) during the same period were subjected to a descriptive epidemiological analysis. The survey detected 2530 intoxications of different types outside of the scorpion stings. Following transmission to the PPCM and elimination of 1185 duplicates, our survey was able to list 1345 new cases, to have 4142 cases in 2013 -2014. According to the data analyzed: 58.6% of the intoxicated was adults, the Sex ratio (male / female) = 0.68, 83.37% of cases were recorded in urban areas. 54.49% progressed favorably, while 23 patients died. Poisoning was symptomatic in 40.24% of cases. The highest incidence was recorded in Ifrane city (2.15 ‰), but Meknes city registered the highest fatality rate (1.2%). these poisonings were caused by gaseous products in 41.6% of cases. The number of new poisonings collected during our survey was important: 1345 cases not reported to the PPCM, which means that Health officials should intervene in time to the statements of poisoning, in order to participate in the fight against their harmful effect on the health.

Author Keywords: Poisoning, health surveys, Epidemiology, Risk assessment, Incidence.


How to Cite this Article


Meryem BOUKILI, Fouzia RHAZI FILALI, Sanaa BENLARABI, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Zakaria ABIDLI, Rachida Soulaymani-Bencheikh, and Majda SEFIANI, “Epidemiology and risk factors of Poisoning in the north central region of Morocco (2013-2014),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 590–597, July 2018.