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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Saturday 15 December 2018

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  Call for Papers - February 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Prevalence of enterobiasis among urban school children in Sidi-bel-Abbes, Algeria


Volume 24, Issue 2, September 2018, Pages 453–458

 Prevalence of enterobiasis among urban school children in Sidi-bel-Abbes, Algeria

Yassine Merad1, Amine Merbouh2, Khadija Benallal3, Soumia Belfodel4, and Haiet Adjmi-Hamoudi5

1 Department of Parasitology-Mycology, UDL University, Hassani Abdelkader Hospital, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
2 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, UDL University, Hassani Abdelkader Hospital, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
3 Department of Pediatrics, UDL University, Hassani Abdelkader Hospital, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
4 Department of Parasitology-Mycology, UDL University, Hassani Abdelkader Hospital, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria
5 Department of Parasitology-Mycology, UDL University, Hassani Abdelkader Hospital, Sidi-Bel-Abbes, Algeria

Original language: English

Received 18 August 2018

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Entrobiasis is a nematode infection caused by Enterobius vermicularis, there have been no reports on the infection rates of enterobiasis in Sidi-Bel-Abbes city. A cross-sectional study among schools in 10 districts was conducted in order to estimate the prevalence of this infection among preschool and school children less than 8 years of age, between April and June 2017. A total of 300 samples were examined microscopically for the presence of worm eggs collected by touching transparent tape to anal area. The overall prevalence of enterobiasis was 17,67%, and girls (26,5%) showed more infection rate compared to boys (16,92%), the prevalence of infection with age of 5 and 6 years old (23,4% and 25% respectively) was more than 7 years old children (13,43 %), prevalence of sucking thumb or fingers was 41,51%. Prevalence of enterobiasis has decreased by increasing the daily hand-washing frequency, cleaning hands one time (36,84%), two times (23,96%), three times (17,07%). When analyzing the association between the presence of enterobiasis and each variable separately, the only one showing statistically significant association was sucking thumb (p=0,019) and the symptoms of pruritus ani, abdominal pain, enuresis and insomnia (p=0,0001 respectively). Prevalence of E.vermicularis is relatively high and should not be underestimated.

Author Keywords: Enterobius vermicularis, oxyuriasis, prevalence, children, enterobiasis, pinworm, school, Algeria.


How to Cite this Article


Yassine Merad, Amine Merbouh, Khadija Benallal, Soumia Belfodel, and Haiet Adjmi-Hamoudi, “Prevalence of enterobiasis among urban school children in Sidi-bel-Abbes, Algeria,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 453–458, September 2018.