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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 27 September 2020

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EFFECT OF TILLAGE TOOLS (HAND HOE AND FORK) ON BANANA ROOTING SYSTEM OF THE EAST AFRICAN HIGHLANDS BANANA


Volume 29, Issue 2, May 2020, Pages 236–239

 EFFECT OF TILLAGE TOOLS (HAND HOE AND FORK) ON BANANA ROOTING SYSTEM OF THE EAST AFRICAN HIGHLANDS BANANA

Tony Muku Muliele1

1 Institut National pour l'Etude et la Recherche Agronomiques (INERA), RD Congo

Original language: English

Received 22 November 2019

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


In East Africa, highland bananas (AAA-EA, Musa spp.) are a primary staple crop for smallholders (<2 ha) who traditionally practice labor-intensive non-mechanized farming, often with common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) as an understorey intercrop. At the onset of the wet season, farmers till their banana fields to allow the bean intercropping. This study aimed at testing whether tillage with a forked hoe would causes less damage to the banana root system than the traditional hand hoe. Measurements were taken in Walungu / Sud-Kivu in the Eastern DR Congo. A field trial with highland bananas was planted in April 2008 to explore the impact of mulching and tillage on banana performance. It consisted of a randomized complete block design with four treatments and four replicates. On September 2010, each T0 plot (i.e., tilled with blade hoe and mulch removed at onset of wet season) was divided into two sub-plots. The first sub-plot was tilled with conventional hoe (blade) whereas a forked hoe was used in the second sub-plot. Banana root fresh weight and length of cord roots were assessed at 0-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil depths using the core sampling method. No significant difference was found between the two tillage tools, either in terms of root fresh weight or root length. For both blade hoe and forked hoe, tillage decreased significantly the root fresh weight and root length within the 0-10 cm soil layer, but showed little impact at greater depth. We conclude that any type of tillage practiced with a hoe by the farmers in the study area strongly affects the banana root system in the topsoil.

Author Keywords: tillage tools, root system, banana, East African highlands.


How to Cite this Article


Tony Muku Muliele, “EFFECT OF TILLAGE TOOLS (HAND HOE AND FORK) ON BANANA ROOTING SYSTEM OF THE EAST AFRICAN HIGHLANDS BANANA,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 236–239, May 2020.