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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 25 February 2021

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In Press: Epidemiology of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infestations in students at the University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY in the south of Ivory Coast



                 

N. Jean-Paul N’GBESSO1, Nicaise Aya N’guessan Épse OKOUBO2, Agodio LOUKOURI3, Doumbia M. CISSE4, Serge MAMBEY5, Miyerkina Sarah Bénédicte Épse Kouadio SORO6, and A. Aimé Constantin AHOUA7

1 Laboratoire de Zoologie et Biologie Animale, Université Félix Houphouët Boigny, 22 B.P. 582, Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
2 Biology and Health, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, 22 B.P. 582, Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
3 Biology and Health, Félix Houphouët Boigny University, 22 B.P. 582, Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire
4 MSHP, DGS, Deputy Directorate General of Public Hygiene, 14 BP 741 Abidjan 14, Côte d’Ivoire
5 Department of Health and Public Health (DHPSE), BP V 4 Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
6 Department of Medical Sciences, Félix HOUPHOUET-BOIGNY University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
7 Department of Geography, Humanities and Social Sciences, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Original language: English

Received 29 November 2020

Copyright © 2021 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Helminthiasis is a major public health problem in Africa, particularly in Côte d'Ivoire. This study was conducted at the University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY in southern Côte d'Ivoire. It aims to assess the epidemiological status of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura infections in students at the University Félix HOUPHOUËT-BOIGNY. The survey involved 226 students sampled in 03 university courses. Stool samples were taken. Feces were analysed by the Mini-Flotac method with an flotation solution consisting of analytical salts (NaCl) with a density of 1.2. The results of stool analysis revealed a prevalence of 23.45% for Ascaris lumbricoides infection and 16.81% for Trichirus trichiura infection, respectively. The prevalences of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichirus trichiura infections did not differ significantly by sex and age group. All infested students had a low infestation density (100 %) for Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichirus trichiura infections. A questionnaire was sent to the students to collect information on the transmission of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichirus trichiura infections. The main factors of transmission, including toilet attendance and toilet cleaning, were incriminated. This study assessed the level of endemicity of Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichirus trichiura infections at the university and will help to consider appropriate means for the control of these parasitic diseases.

Author Keywords: Côte d'ivoire, Helminthias, infection, students, University.