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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Friday 15 November 2019

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  Call for Papers - November 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

The effect of soil pH on photo-catalytic oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)


Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages 879–892

 The effect of soil pH on photo-catalytic oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)

Rakesh M. Pawar1, Avice M. Hall2, and David C. Naseby3

1 Department of Biotechnology and Pharmacology Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom
2 Department of Biotechnology and Pharmacology Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom
3 Department of Biotechnology and Pharmacology Health Science, School of Life Sciences, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England, United Kingdom

Original language: English

Received 3 June 2013

Copyright © 2013 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The environmental fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is a significant issue, raising interest in its clean up using remediation. However, the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soils can drastically influence degradation of pollutants. The effect of soil pH on degradation of PAHs with a view to modify soil pH to enhance the degradation of PAH's was studied. The degradation rate of key model PAHs was monitored in topsoil modified to a range of pH 4 to 9 at half pH intervals. Photo-oxidation of PAHs in presence of catalyst under UV light at two different wavelengths was studied. The degradation of PAHs during photo-oxidation was carried out at varying soil pH, whilst the degradation rate of individual PAH was monitored using HPLC. Photo-degradation of PAHs at 375 nm showed higher rate of degradation compared at 254 nm. Higher degradation was observed at pH 6.5, whilst in general, acidic soil had greater photo-degradation rates than basic pH of soil. pH 7.5 and pH 8 had slowest photo-degradation. Phenanthrene at both the wavelengths had highest degradation rate and pyrene had slowest degradation rate. Therefore, photo-catalysis can be used as alternative process to eliminate PAHs by manipulating soil pH to enhance remediation.

Author Keywords: Photo-catalytic oxidation, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Phenanthrene, Pyrene.


How to Cite this Article


Rakesh M. Pawar, Avice M. Hall, and David C. Naseby, “The effect of soil pH on photo-catalytic oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 879–892, August 2013.