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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 12 November 2019

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  Call for Papers - November 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Performance of Hrp2 Based Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (Sd-Bioline) in Whole Blood and Saliva in Patient's in Lagos State


Volume 9, Issue 2, November 2014, Pages 642–647

 Performance of Hrp2 Based Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (Sd-Bioline) in Whole Blood and Saliva in Patient's in Lagos State

Judith Anurika Elendu1 and Wellington Oyibo2

1 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 3 September 2014

Copyright © 2014 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The study assessed the performance of SD Bioline Histidine Rich Protein 2 (HRP2) based rapid diagnostic test in blood and saliva samples in order to assess the usefulness of saliva as an alternative sample to blood in malaria diagnosis. A total of 1026 blood samples and 186 saliva samples (total RDT positive sample) were collected from patients who attended the clinic, and fell within the inclusion criteria at St Mathew's Hospital, Amukoko, Lagos State.
Microscopy and rapid diagnostic test were carried out on the whole blood samples and saliva, the RDTs tested demonstrated a high sensitivity 96.7% for SD Bioline, and a high specificity 98.7% for SD Bioline at a 95% confidence interval(p=0.445). Saliva samples demonstrated a low sensitivity of 12.7% for SD Bioline whilst a high specificity of 99.9% for SD Bioline HRP-2 RDT.
There was no significant difference between microscopy and SD Bioline HRP 2(?2, P=0.05) and as such it is a good diagnostic tools for malaria, while saliva serves as a promising possible means of non-invasive technique in malaria diagnosis.


Author Keywords: Malaria, Histidine rich protein 2, sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic tool, microscopy.


How to Cite this Article


Judith Anurika Elendu and Wellington Oyibo, “Performance of Hrp2 Based Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (Sd-Bioline) in Whole Blood and Saliva in Patient's in Lagos State,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 642–647, November 2014.