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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
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FOOD CONSUMPTION AND EXPENDITURE PATTERN OF PUBLIC SERVANTS IN DELTA STATE: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE POLYTECNIC OZORO, NIGERIA


Volume 10, Issue 4, March 2015, Pages 1052–1057

 FOOD CONSUMPTION AND EXPENDITURE PATTERN OF PUBLIC SERVANTS IN DELTA STATE: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE POLYTECNIC OZORO, NIGERIA

K. N. Tibi1 and A. OYEM2

1 Department of Agricultural Extension and Management Delta State Polytechnic Ozoro Delta State, Nigeria
2 Department Of Agricultural Extension And Management, School Of Agriculture, Delta State Polytechnic, P.M.B.5, Ozoro., Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 17 December 2014

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This study was conducted in Delta State to examine the consumption and expenditure patterns of public servants in Delta State. One hundred and twenty (120) respondents were randomly selected from Delta State Polytechnic Ozoro, sixty (60) each for junior and senior staff respectively. Structured questionnaires were administered to a cross section of the respondents. The data obtained were analyzed using the ordinary least squares method of multiple regression analysis, T-test statistic, deriving marginal propensity to consumer coefficients from simple regression model. The study revealed that female, (55%) constitute the majority of the employees in the study area. Most of the workers are young and energetic and represented the active labour force. Majority (69.17%) of the workers are married which indicated that a substantial part of their income was devoted to family upkeep. The empirical results further showed that there was a significant relationship between food consumption and expenditure on savings, investment, education, transportation and house rent at (p<0.05). It was further observed that workers spend more money on food and other things as they receive their salary. However, the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) of low income workers was 0.786 while those of high income workers was 0.965 showing that both groups set aside a large proportion of their income on consumption. It can be concluded that most public servants in Delta State spend more of their income on food, transportation, rent, among others than saves invest. Recommendations are therefore made to encourage workers to save and invest through periodic wage reviews, staff motivation and education, checking the rate of inflation and provision of adequate food at affordable prices.

Author Keywords: Food Consumption, Expenditure Pattern, Public Servants, Delta State, Nigeria.


How to Cite this Article


K. N. Tibi and A. OYEM, “FOOD CONSUMPTION AND EXPENDITURE PATTERN OF PUBLIC SERVANTS IN DELTA STATE: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE POLYTECNIC OZORO, NIGERIA,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1052–1057, March 2015.