International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Understanding Core Competency of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: A comparative Study in Tanzania and China

Volume 13, Issue 3, November 2015, Pages 722–733

 Understanding Core Competency of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: A comparative Study in Tanzania and China

Adilu M. Salim1

1 Department of Human Resource Development, Graduate School of Techno-HRD, Korea University of Technology and Education, 1600-Chungjeol-ro, Cheonan City, Chungnam 330-708, South Korea

Original language: English

Received 15 April 2015

Copyright © 2015 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The purpose of this study has been to identify Core Competency in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) in Tanzania with reference to China. The study also involves an observation of the existing association among SMEs in Tanzania and China in terms of their activities and commitments in keeping the core competencies as a strategy for SMEs to remain competitive. This practical investigation involved an inquiry research approach for evaluating core competencies to SMEs through management, technical and capability perspectives as variables. The study therefore, employed survey questionnaires to individuals and proprietors in local and urban SMEs operating in Tanzania enacted in the observed SMEs from China. The results generally revealed that SMEs in China have developed a relatively high core competencies in their operation compared to its referred part, Tanzanian SMEs. The technological environment has greatly supported the development of core competence in China SMEs and weak technological infrastructure, low level of managerial skills and lack of effective marketing are amongst the factors which were identified to result to low level of core competencies in Tanzania SMEs. Most of the capability skills found in Chinese SMEs (5.42%) then in Tanzania SMEs that seem to be (2.82%). This signifies the importance technology incorporation in the course of the SMEs' operation, customer service, the level of business training and effectiveness in marketing. This also helps to explore how the business managers can integrate managerial, technical and competency skills effectively, taking advantage of their available resources and through understanding of core competence.

Author Keywords: Competency, Capability, Enterprises, Technology, Tanzania, China.

How to Cite this Article

Adilu M. Salim, “Understanding Core Competency of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises: A comparative Study in Tanzania and China,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 722–733, November 2015.