International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
Friday 15 November 2019






Custom Search


Connect with IJIAS

  Call for Papers - November 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  

Diet analysis content of energy macronutrients, calcium, sodium and iron provided to patients in a mental hospital in Amman, Jordan

[ تحليل محتوى الوجبات الغذائية من الطاقة والعناصر الغذائية الكبرى والكالسيوم والصوديوم والحديد المقدمة للمرضى في مستشفى للأمراض النفسية بمدينة عمان، الأردن ]

Volume 16, Issue 1, May 2016, Pages 150–154

 Diet analysis content of energy macronutrients, calcium, sodium and iron provided to patients in a mental hospital in Amman, Jordan

Jafar Muhammad El-Qudah1

1 Department of Nutrition and Food Processing, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Al-Balqa Applied University, Al-Salt, 19117, Jordan

Original language: Arabic

Received 7 January 2016

Copyright © 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It is fundamental that hospitals provide appropriate food and nutritional care to manage any nutritional risk, to improve nutritional health and well-being and optimise the wider clinical management of all patients. This study was done in a mental governmental hospital located in Amman, Jordan. In this hospital, two types of diets were offered to patients: Regular diet and therapeutic diet (menu1 and menu 2, respectively). In this work, these diets were evaluated by calculating their mean content of energy, carbohydrates, protein, fat, calcium, sodium and iron, then compared with standards. The estimated content of these nutrients were analyzed using a nutrition analysis software program (ESHA) and other food composition tables in the region. Our results revealed that the mean energy content was less than 2000 Kcal in both diets. In menu 1, the mean content of energy, CHO, protein, fat, calcium, sodium and iron were 1346.4 kcal, 198.7 g, 59.5 g, 45.9 g, 349.1 mg, 890.1 mg and 8.9 mg, respectively. In menu 2 the mean content were 1641.2 kcal, 235.4 g, 69.9 g, 57.6 g, 491.9 mg, 1204.8 mg and 13.6 mg, respectively. On average, both menus provided a diet low in all studied nutrients and did not meet the nutritional standards, except iron which contain 123.6% of the standard in menu 2. The percentage of energy and macronutrients contribution in breakfast, lunch and dinner meals served in regular diet were 29%, 39% and 32% for energy, 25%, 45% and 30% for CHO, 18.1%, 53.1% and 28.8% for protein and 52.6%, 20.2 % and 27.2 % for fat, respectively. In therapeutic diet, the percentage were 26.7%, 29.9 and 29.1% for energy, 25.8%, 37.1 % and 26% for CHO, 18.1%, 48.4% and 27.4% for protein and 42.1%, 24.2 % and 23.8 % for fat , respectively. The snack served in this diet, contribute 14.3% of the total energy, 11.1% of CHO, 6.1 % of protein and 9.9% of the total fat. On the basis of this study, we conclude that the hospital do not design suitable diets to meet dietary recommendations. Careful menu planning should be emphasized and followed. Menus should be evaluated and updated continuously to reflect the changes of the patients

Author Keywords: Therapeutic diet, regular diet, hospital diets, meals, menu, mental disease.

How to Cite this Article

Jafar Muhammad El-Qudah, “Diet analysis content of energy macronutrients, calcium, sodium and iron provided to patients in a mental hospital in Amman, Jordan,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 150–154, May 2016.