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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 20 August 2017

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Growth performances and serum biochemical response of broiler chickens fed on diet supplemented with Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit powder as substitute to antibiotic growth promoters


Volume 21, Issue 1, August 2017, Pages 68–76

 Growth performances and serum biochemical response of broiler chickens fed on diet supplemented with Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit powder as substitute to antibiotic growth promoters

Kana Jean Raphaël1, Mube Kuetché Hervé2, Ngouana Tadjong Ruben3, Komguep Ronald4, Yangoue Antoine5, Tsafong Francklin6, and Teguia Alexis7

1 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
2 University of Dschang, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Productions, Laboratory of Animal Production, PO Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
3 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
4 University of Dschang, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Productions, Laboratory of Animal Production, PO Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
5 University of Dschang, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Productions, Laboratory of Animal Production, PO Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
6 University of Dschang, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Productions, Laboratory of Animal Production, PO Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
7 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon

Original language: English

Received 16 February 2017

Copyright © 2017 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Due to the development of microbial resistance to antibiotics and their potential side effects in human, there is a growing interest in plant feed additives in livestock production. This study was designed to assess the effects of dietary inclusion of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit powder on growth performances and serological profile of broiler chickens. A total of 192 day old Cobb 500 chicks were randomly assigned to 4 treatments of 48 chicks each. Negative control group (R0-) was fed basal diet without supplement, positive control group (R0+) was fed on control diet supplemented with 0.1% antibiotic, groups 3 and 4 were fed on control diet supplemented with 0.2% (0.2T) and 0.4% (0.4T) T. tetraptera fruit powder respectively. Throughout the study period, 0.2% T. tetraptera markedly (P<0.05) increased live body weight as compared to 0.4% and negative control diet. The lowest feed conversion ratio was recorded on chickens fed on antibiotic (2.02) and 0.2% T. tetraptera (2.03). Carcass yield significantly decreased (P<0.05) with 0.4% T. tetraptera fruit powder. The lowest cost of production was recorded with the lowest level (0.2%) of this phytobiotic. 5. Irrespective of the incorporation level, this phytobiotic decreased serum content of creatinine, alanine aminotransferase (ALAT) and aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) and increased serum concentration of urea compared to the negative control diet. T. tetraptera powder at 0.2% could be used as feed additive to replace antibiotic growth promoter for a better growth performances and to produce antibiotics residues free chicken meat.

Author Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, broiler chickens, feed additive, phytobiotic, Tetrapleura tetraptera.


How to Cite this Article


Kana Jean Raphaël, Mube Kuetché Hervé, Ngouana Tadjong Ruben, Komguep Ronald, Yangoue Antoine, Tsafong Francklin, and Teguia Alexis, “Growth performances and serum biochemical response of broiler chickens fed on diet supplemented with Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit powder as substitute to antibiotic growth promoters,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 68–76, August 2017.