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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 21 October 2019

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  Call for Papers - November 2019     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Phytochemistry and anti-bacterial activity of thirteen plants used in traditional medicine to treat typhoid fever in Benin


Volume 25, Issue 3, February 2019, Pages 1034–1047

 Phytochemistry and anti-bacterial activity of thirteen plants used in traditional medicine to treat typhoid fever in Benin

Akomoun Blandine KAKPO1, Eléonore YAYI2, Bruno N. LENTA3, Fidèle M. ASSOGBA4, Placide M. TOKLO5, Fabrice Fekam BOYOM6, Lamine Baba-Moussa7, and Joachim Gbenou8

1 Department of Chemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils, 01 Po. Box 918 Cotonou, Benin
2 Department of Chemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils, 01 Po. Box 918 Cotonou, Benin
3 Department of Chemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, Higher Teacher Training College, P.O. Box 47, Yaoundé, Cameroon
4 Department of Chemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils, 01 Po. Box 918 Cotonou, Benin
5 Department of Chemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils, 01 Po. Box 918 Cotonou, Benin
6 Department of Biochemistry, University of Yaoundé 1, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Antimicrobial Agents Unit, Laboratory for Phytobiochemistry and Medicinal Plants Studies, P. O. Box 812, Yaoundé, Cameroon
7 Department of Biochemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin
8 Department of Chemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Pharmacognosy and Essential Oils, 01 Po. Box 918 Cotonou, Benin

Original language: English

Received 24 February 2019

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The objective of this study is to study the phytochemistry of the anti-bacterial activity of thirteen plants used in traditional medicine to treat typhoid fever in Benin. For this fact, we carried out the phytochemical screening, then the antibacterial activity was carried out by the micro-dilution method. The dosage of polyphenols was made on the extracts having exhibited good anti-salmonella activity. Phytochemical screening has revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins (gallic and catechic) and flavonoids for all plants, as for other secondary metabolites, they vary from one plant to another. For the forty-five [H2O, EtOH (96%), CH2Cl2-MeOH (V / V)] extracts, the extraction yield ranged from 3.3% to 23.78%; the CH2Cl2-MeOH extracts have the best yields followed by ethanolic extracts. The evaluation of the anti-salmonella activity of the forty-five extracts on seven strains of Salmonella (clinical isolate and reference) made it possible to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the active extracts following the biological screening. The ethanolic extract of Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides and CH2Cl2-MeOH from Azadirachta indica are the most active in inhibiting four types of salmonella with MICs ranging from 250 to 500 μg / mL. The determination of the polyphenol contents showed the richness of these plants in these compounds and we noticed that the activity of the extracts varies according to their content of flavonoids. The results obtained confirmed the anti-salmonella potential of certain plants at the concentration tested and constitute a scientific database for the research of phytomedicines.

Author Keywords: secondary metabolites, active extracts, MIC, polyphenols, phytomedicines.


How to Cite this Article


Akomoun Blandine KAKPO, Eléonore YAYI, Bruno N. LENTA, Fidèle M. ASSOGBA, Placide M. TOKLO, Fabrice Fekam BOYOM, Lamine Baba-Moussa, and Joachim Gbenou, “Phytochemistry and anti-bacterial activity of thirteen plants used in traditional medicine to treat typhoid fever in Benin,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1034–1047, February 2019.