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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 25 May 2020

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  Call for Papers - June 2020     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Income Inequality, Environmental Degradation and Economic Development Nexus in Nigeria: Reassessing the Kuznets Hypothesis


Volume 27, Issue 4, November 2019, Pages 1014–1023

 Income Inequality, Environmental Degradation and Economic Development Nexus in Nigeria: Reassessing the Kuznets Hypothesis

Friday Bassey Agala1 and Felix Awara Eke2

1 Lecturers, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calabar, PMB 1115, Calabar, Nigeria
2 Lecturers, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Calabar, PMB 1115, Calabar, Nigeria

Original language: English

Received 24 February 2019

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This study investigated the relationship between income inequality, environmental degradation and economic development in Nigeria within the ambit of the Kuznets hypothesis and employed the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) technique. The findings indicate the non-existence of the Kuznets hypothesis in Nigeria; rather a scenario of a monotonically increasing relationship is observed between carbon dioxide emissions and economic development in Nigeria, especially in the short run. The results further showed that environmental degradation has a negative impact on economic development, but for Nigeria it is insignificant as in most developing countries; while income inequality however rises with economic development. Given that there is a trade-off between reducing carbon dioxide emissions and income inequality in Nigeria to boost growth and development, a clearly thought-out policy directed towards ensuring that increases in the income of the poor majority are not spent on carbon emitting activities is recommended.

Author Keywords: Income inequality, Kuznets hypothesis, Environmental Degradation, Economic Development, ARDL technique.


How to Cite this Article


Friday Bassey Agala and Felix Awara Eke, “Income Inequality, Environmental Degradation and Economic Development Nexus in Nigeria: Reassessing the Kuznets Hypothesis,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1014–1023, November 2019.