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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 12 August 2020

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Factors associated with insomnia and drowsiness : A school survey


[ Facteurs associés à l’insomnie et à la somnolence : Une enquête en milieu scolaire ]

Volume 28, Issue 2, January 2020, Pages 525–534

 Factors associated with insomnia and drowsiness : A school survey

Fatoumata BA1, Khourédia Ndiaye Sy2, El Hadji Makhtar BA3, Mbayang Ndiaye4, and Roger Clément Kouly Tine5

1 Laboratoire de Physiologie, UFR des Sciences de la santé, Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Senegal
2 Service de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier National Universitaire de Fann, Senegal
3 Service de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier National Universitaire de Fann, Senegal
4 Service de Psychiatrie, Centre Hospitalier National Universitaire de Fann, Senegal
5 Faculté de Médecine, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, Senegal

Original language: French

Received 7 November 2019

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Sleep disturbances, particularly insomnia, are common in school settings for adolescents. They affect the physical and mental balance with multiple consequences: various pain, fatigue, errors, reduced academic performance, drowsiness in class, repeated absences etc. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire and the Epworth sleepiness scale with students from schools in the department of Thiès. The prevalence of insomnia was 21%, with a female prevalence. The average duration of sleep was 8.72 ± 1.1 hours with a variation according to the holidays, the days with or without class the next day. Risk factors are found, in particular living with a tutor other than the parents, the distance of the school from his place of residence, and the morning lesson schedules. Insomnia is significantly associated with sleep debt and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Author Keywords: factors, insomnia, drowsiness, school survey.


How to Cite this Article


Fatoumata BA, Khourédia Ndiaye Sy, El Hadji Makhtar BA, Mbayang Ndiaye, and Roger Clément Kouly Tine, “Factors associated with insomnia and drowsiness : A school survey,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 525–534, January 2020.