International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Preventing Prostate Cancer in Ghana: A systematic Review

Volume 29, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages 312–318

 Preventing Prostate Cancer in Ghana: A systematic Review

Clement Kwabena Apaw1

1 School of Public Health, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Original language: English

Received 22 November 2019

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: Prostate cancer is worldwide distributed and the most killer cancer of all diagnosed cancer cases among males. The situation in Ghana is not different, hence the need to determine the most appropriate preventive measures to curb this menace. Purpose: This review seeks to assess the use phytochemicals to prevent development of prostate cancer in Ghana. Method: Systematic literature review uses to search for review and research articles in PubMed and ScienceDirect databases. The research was restricted to January 2002 to December 2019 for open access review and research articles. Principal Result: It revealed that, prostate cancer is the most diagnosed cancer among adult males in Ghana as documented globally. Poverty and poor health seeking behavior inhibit early detection of treatment. Plant foods and use of diet to prevent prostate cancer was researched as done in other countries, for recommendation. Cruciferous, Isoflavones and Lycopene phytochemicals have been established by this review that, their metabolic mechanism is prevent the growth of prostate cancer. Conclusion: Globally, it is established that, prostate cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among male adults. However, research has shown that apart from chemotherapy and hormonal therapies, dietary fibers are critical in prevention of prostate cancer. Awareness creation about the use of phytochemicals like cruciferous, Isoflavones, lycopene and others plant foods curbing prostate cancer should be made in Ghana.

Author Keywords: Prostate cancer, males, preventive measures, phytochemicals, chemotherapy, hormonal therapies, dietary fibers.

How to Cite this Article

Clement Kwabena Apaw, “Preventing Prostate Cancer in Ghana: A systematic Review,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 312–318, June 2020.