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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 03 August 2020

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Chemical and microbiological characterization of the essential oil of Artemisia mesantlantica domesticated endemic species of Morocco


Volume 30, Issue 1, July 2020, Pages 246–250

 Chemical and microbiological characterization of the essential oil of Artemisia mesantlantica domesticated endemic species of Morocco

Dounia Hinane1, Safaa Oubaha2, Fadwa Hama3, Driss Hmouni4, Badr Satrani5, Mohamed Ghanmi6, and Brahim Bourkhiss7

1 Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Kenitra, Morocco
2 Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Kenitra, Morocco
3 Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Kenitra, Morocco
4 Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Kenitra, Morocco
5 Forest Research Center BP 763, 10050, Rabat Agdal, Morocco
6 Forest Research Center BP 763, 10050, Rabat Agdal, Morocco
7 Laboratory of Agro-Physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Department of biology, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Kenitra, Morocco

Original language: English

Received 18 May 2020

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Artemisia mesatlantica is an endemic species of Morocco, rare and endangered which is widely used in traditional medicine. This present work deals with the chemical composition and the antibacterial and antifungal efficacy of the EO of the domesticated Artemisia mesatlantica. The average yield of essential oil of the aerial part (stems, leaves and flowers) of this latter is 0.97%. Among the chemical constituents of the essential oil of A. mesatlantica are β-thujone (77.77%) which is predominant, followed by 1.8-cineol (6.31%), and camphor (3.52%) the other constituents are with small percentages. About the antimicrobial test, four bacterial strains (Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Micrococcus luteus) and three fungal strains (Aspergillus niger, Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium expansum) were chosen for their pathogenicity and for their frequent involvement in food contamination. The bioassay shows that the minimum inhibitory concentration of the growth of the following microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus luteus, Penicillium expansum, Penicillium digitatum is 1/500 v/v whereas Bacillus subtilis and Aspergillus niger is 1/250 v / v.

Author Keywords: Artemisia mesantlantica, yield, Essential oil, Antimicrobial test, Chemical composition, Morocco.


How to Cite this Article


Dounia Hinane, Safaa Oubaha, Fadwa Hama, Driss Hmouni, Badr Satrani, Mohamed Ghanmi, and Brahim Bourkhiss, “Chemical and microbiological characterization of the essential oil of Artemisia mesantlantica domesticated endemic species of Morocco,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 246–250, July 2020.