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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Thursday 29 October 2020

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Access to portable water in spontaneous neighbourhoods in the city of Bafoussam, Cameroon


[ Problématique d’accès à l’eau potable dans les quartiers spontanés de la ville de Bafoussam, Cameroun ]

Volume 30, Issue 1, July 2020, Pages 215–229

 Access to portable water in spontaneous neighbourhoods in the city of Bafoussam, Cameroon

Donfack Nkemzem Tidane Stella1, Sa’a Mazoa Pélagie2, Anehmbom Ghoutum3, Ruth Tua Eni4, Aloysious Kohtem Lebga5, Ngouanet Chrétien6, and Aristide Yemmafouo7

1 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
2 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
3 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
4 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
5 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
6 National Institute of Cartography (INC), BP 157, Yaounde, Cameroon
7 Département de Géographie-Aménagement-Environnement, Université de Dschnag, Cameroon

Original language: French

Received 10 June 2020

Copyright © 2020 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


In Cameroon, the issue of access to portable is water is at the centre of debates because in several regions and divisions a large number of the population do not have access to this precious commodity, which is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The aim of this work is therefore to highlight the difficulties faced by the population to access portable water in the spontaneous neighbourhoods of the city of Bafoussam. To do this, 173 households in the Bamendzi, Tougang-ville, Tougang- village, Ngouache and Kouogouo neighbourhoods have been the subject of field verification. The result shows that, despite the measures taken by the administrative authorities and the Cameroon Water Utilities Corporation (Camwater), not all inhabitants have access to portable water. The main reason for this is; the lack of control over population growth, which is characterised by a continuous increase in built-up areas from 549 to 10710 ha between 1980 and 2020. Similarly, the degradation of water infrastructure and the inaccessibility to portable water are two (02) factors that have pushed the populations to look for alternative sources of water supply, namely wells, boreholes and springs. In addition, about 75% of the population surveyed stated that they get their supplies through these means and also face sanitation problems which are consequently at the origin of waterborne diseases such as typhoid, respiratory and skin infections. However, the Decentralised Administrative Authorities must put in place means to enable the population of the city of Bafoussam to have access to drinkable water.

Author Keywords: Portable water, urban sprawl, spontaneous neighborhoods, waterborne diseases, Bafoussam.


Abstract: (french)


Au Cameroun, la problématique de l’accès à l’eau potable est encore au centre des débats car dans plusieurs régions et départements, un grand nombre de la population n’arrive pas à s’approvisionner facilement en cette denrée encore rare qui figure pourtant au cœur des Objectifs de Développement Durable (ODD). Ce travail a pour objectif de mettre en évidence les difficultés d’accès à l’eau potable dans les quartiers spontanés de la ville de Bafoussam. Pour ce faire, 173 ménages des quartiers Bamendzi, Tougang-ville, Tougang- village, Ngouache et Kouogouo ont fait l’objet d’enquête de terrain. Il ressort de cela que, malgré les mesures prises par les autorités administratives et par la Cameroun Water Utilities Corporation (Camwater), tous les habitants n’ont pas accès à l’eau potable. La principale raison étant la non maitrise de la démographie, suivi de l’accroissement continue des surfaces bâtis qui est passé de ha en 1980 a ha en 2020. De même, la dégradation des infrastructures d’eau et l’inaccessibilité à l’eau potable sont deux (02) facteurs qui ont poussés les populations à se tourner vers des sources alternatives d’approvisionnement à savoir les puits, les forages, les sources aménagées et non aménagées. En plus, environ 75% de la population enquêté affirme se ravitailler par ces moyens et font face aux problèmes d’assainissement qui sont à l’origine des maladies hydriques tel que la typhoïde, les infections respiratoires et cutanés. Toutefois, les Autorités Administratives Décentralisés doivent mettre en place des moyens permettant à la population de la ville de Bafoussam d’avoir accès à l’eau potable.

Author Keywords: Eau potable, étalement urbain, quartiers spontanés, maladies hydriques, Bafoussam.


How to Cite this Article


Donfack Nkemzem Tidane Stella, Sa’a Mazoa Pélagie, Anehmbom Ghoutum, Ruth Tua Eni, Aloysious Kohtem Lebga, Ngouanet Chrétien, and Aristide Yemmafouo, “Access to portable water in spontaneous neighbourhoods in the city of Bafoussam, Cameroon,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 215–229, July 2020.