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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Tuesday 13 April 2021

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Prevalence of Urogenital Schistosomiasis (Urogenital Bilharzia) in Nord-Ubangi: Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of inhabitants of rural areas (Case of the rural health zone of Bosobolo, Province of Nord-Ubangi, DRC)


[ Prévalence de la Schistosomiase Uro-Génitale (Bilharziose Urogénitale) dans le Nord-Ubangi: Niveau des connaissances, attitudes et pratiques des habitants des zones rurales (Cas de la zone de santé rurale de Bosobolo, Province de Nord-Ubangi, RDC) ]

Volume 31, Issue 4, January 2021, Pages 785–794

 Prevalence of Urogenital Schistosomiasis (Urogenital Bilharzia) in Nord-Ubangi: Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of inhabitants of rural areas (Case of the rural health zone of Bosobolo, Province of Nord-Ubangi, DRC)

Ekpimbo Mambokolo Claris1, Mambesa Bainamboka Martin2, Matondo Kwa Nzambi Marie-Claire3, Mwalikutu Mondombele Olivier4, Bokango Bapoti Thomas5, and Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien6

1 L2 S.I/EASI, Field Officer WVI RDC/Bili, Gbadolite, Nord-Ubangi, RD Congo
2 Assistant (Enseignant) à l’ISTM Gemena, Sud-Ubangi, RD Congo
3 Assistant (Enseignant) à l’ISTM Gemena, Sud-Ubangi, RD Congo
4 Assistant (Enseignant) à l’ISTM Gemena, Sud-Ubangi, RD Congo
5 Assistant à l’ISTM Gemena, Sud-Ubangi, RD Congo
6 Professeur, Docteur en Demographie et santé publique, RD Congo

Original language: French

Received 1 November 2020

Copyright © 2021 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Still and still poorly understood, misdiagnosed, underreported or simply ignored, urogenital schistosomiasis remains widespread in sub-Saharan Africa, the DRC and the province of Nord-Ubangi. Its early recognition, even if asymptomatic, is essential because of the multiple complications it causes; the high risk of HIV transmission and, if left untreated, the risk of infertility and the development of bladder cancer and many more. The geo-climatological data from the northwest of the Bosobolo health zone in the Province of Health Division (DPS) of Nord-Ubangi, more specifically, the health areas of Bomanza, Bubanda and Bokada-Pombo are characteristic for the development. of this disease. The treatment is based on Praziquantel, 40 mg / kg as a single dose to be repeated after one month. The only means of the most effective control these days remain the prophylaxis (mass and individual) which passes by the knowledge of the disease and its signs as well as the appropriate means of which the prevention, without which, the fight against the schistosomiasis uro -Genital risks being a losing battle in advance.

Author Keywords: urogenital schistosomiasis, bilharzia, rural area.


Abstract: (french)


Encore et toujours mal connue, mal diagnostiquée, sous notifiée ou simplement ignorée, la schistosomiase uro-génitale reste largement répandue en Afrique subsaharienne, en RDC et dans la province de Nord-Ubangi. Sa reconnaissance précoce, même si asymptomatique, est essentielle en raison des multiples complications qu’elle cause; du risque elevé de transmission du VIH et, en l’absence de traitement, du risque d’infertilité et de développement des cancers de la vessie et bien d’autres. Les données géo climatologiques du nord-ouest de la zone de santé de Bosobolo dans la Division Province de la Santé (DPS) de Nord-Ubangi, plus spécifiquement, les aires de santé de Bomanza, Bubanda et Bokada-Pombo sont caractéristiques pour le développement de cette maladie. Le traitement repose sur le Praziquantel, 40 mg/kg en dose unique à répéter après un mois. Les seuls moyens de lutte les plus efficaces à ces jours restent la prophylaxie (de masse et individuelle) qui passent par la connaissance de la maladie et de ses signes ainsi que des moyens appropriés dont la prévention, sans lesquels, la lutte contre la schistosomiase uro-génitale risque d’être une bataille perdue à l’avance.

Author Keywords: schistosomiase uro-génitale, bilharziose zone rurale.


How to Cite this Article


Ekpimbo Mambokolo Claris, Mambesa Bainamboka Martin, Matondo Kwa Nzambi Marie-Claire, Mwalikutu Mondombele Olivier, Bokango Bapoti Thomas, and Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, “Prevalence of Urogenital Schistosomiasis (Urogenital Bilharzia) in Nord-Ubangi: Level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of inhabitants of rural areas (Case of the rural health zone of Bosobolo, Province of Nord-Ubangi, DRC),” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 785–794, January 2021.