International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Tunisian competitiveness in the context of the opening: Attitude and Determinants

[ La compétitivité tunisienne dans le cadre de l'ouverture: Attitude et déterminants ]

Volume 1, Issue 1, November 2012, Pages 54–60

 Tunisian competitiveness in the context of the opening: Attitude and Determinants

Makram Gaaliche1 and Hassine Dimassi2

1 Département des Sciences Economiques, Institut Supérieur d'Administration des Entreprises, Gafsa, Tunisia
2 Faculté de Droit et des Sciences Economiques et Politiques, Sousse, Tunisia

Original language: French

Copyright © 2012 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Until the eighties, Tunisia opted for a policy of import substitution and of protection of domestic market from foreign competition. Within this framework, the State controlled most of the economy such as: control of interest rates, price controls, maintaining an overvalued exchange rate, the maintenance of quantitative restrictions and tariffs high customs. In recent years, most developing countries, as Tunisia, adopt economic development strategies increasingly liberal and this by opening up their domestic markets to international trade. Indeed, the context in which the Tunisian economy is expected to move is difficult, and the challenge on its competitiveness is important. The analysis detected that Tunisia is succumbing to the foreign competition, which it faces on the world and European market. Indeed, we have revealed that Tunisian competitiveness is doped, especially, by the depreciation policy of the Tunisian Dinar and his compression policy of wages but, to a lesser extent, impelled by the real competitive potential to knowing the productivity gains. Consequently, and by the insignificant influence of structural component of the Tunisian competitiveness, it is primordial to revise its strategy of competitiveness, to be directed to the construction of a competitive potential, built on a durable basis, and un-doped by the exogenic measures, such the use of depreciation's weapon.

Author Keywords: Competitiveness, competition, market share, European market, world market, Tunisia.

How to Cite this Article

Makram Gaaliche and Hassine Dimassi, “Tunisian competitiveness in the context of the opening: Attitude and Determinants,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 54–60, November 2012.