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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 28 February 2024

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Effects of dietary thyme and oregano essential oils entrapped in chitosan and Canarium charcoal stable matrix on growth performances in broiler chickens


Volume 22, Issue 2, January 2018, Pages 114–122

 Effects of dietary thyme and oregano essential oils entrapped in chitosan and Canarium charcoal stable matrix on growth performances in broiler chickens

Ngouana Tadjong Ruben1, Kana Jean Raphaël2, Takumbo Tchegnebe Boris Désiré3, Mube Kuietché Hervé4, Yemdjie Mane Divine Doriane5, Teguia Alexis6, and Meimandipour Amir7

1 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
2 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
3 Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
4 Department of Animal Productions, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, P.O. Box 70 Dschang, Cameroon
5 University of Dschang, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Productions, Laboratory of Animal Production, PO Box: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
6 Département des Production Animales, Faculté d'Agronomie et des Sciences Agricoles, Université de Dschang, BP: 70 Dschang, Cameroon
7 Department of Animal Biotechnology, National Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (NIGEB), PO Box: 14965/161, Tehran, Iran

Original language: English

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Using essential oils (EOs) in animal feed is not practical due to the instability and volatility of their components. This study was designed to stabilize thyme and oregano EOs in chitosan and Canarium charcoal to mitigate their volatile and oxidative ability in poultry feed. The dietary treatments consisted of control diet (R0); control diet supplemented with chitosan film forming solution containing 0.01% of a blend of thyme and oregano EOs (RTh+Or), 0.2% charcoal without EOs (Roc), chitosan film forming solution containing 0.01% of thyme EO entrapped with charcoal (Roc+Th), chitosan film forming solution containing 0.01% of oregano EO entrapped with charcoal (ROC+Or) and chitosan film forming solution containing 0.01% of a blend of thyme and oregano EOs entrapped with charcoal (ROC+Th+Or). The results revealed that the entrapped EOs has no significant effect on feed intake. Weight gain markedly (P<0.05) increased with the blend of entrapped EOs for about 20% and 8% respectively during starter (days 1 to 21) and grower (days 22 to 49) phases compared to the control diet. The lowest feed conversion ratio (FCR) was also recorded with the blended entrapped EOs. Feeding broilers with the EOs mixture markedly (P<0.05) increased lactic acid bacteria count compared to the pathogens counts in both the ileum and the Cæcum. The entrapped EOs markedly decreased serum content in aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT) and creatinin, and increased in total protein and albumin. Thyme and oregano EOs can be stabilized in chitosan and Canarium seeds charcoal for a better growth in broiler chickens.

Author Keywords: Broiler chickens, chitosan, plant charcoal, oregano, stable matrix, thyme.


How to Cite this Article


Ngouana Tadjong Ruben, Kana Jean Raphaël, Takumbo Tchegnebe Boris Désiré, Mube Kuietché Hervé, Yemdjie Mane Divine Doriane, Teguia Alexis, and Meimandipour Amir, “Effects of dietary thyme and oregano essential oils entrapped in chitosan and Canarium charcoal stable matrix on growth performances in broiler chickens,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 114–122, January 2018.