International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
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Quebec Legal system and Muslim legal systems : Conflict of civilization or conflict of Norms ?

[ Le système juridique québécois et les systèmes juridiques musulmans : Conflit de civilisations ou conflit de normes ? ]

Volume 24, Issue 3, October 2018, Pages 1115–1123

 Quebec Legal system and Muslim legal systems : Conflict of civilization or conflict of Norms ?

Kamal Yassine1

1 ENCG DAKHLA, Université Ibn Zohr, Dakhla, Maroc

Original language: French

Copyright © 2018 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Muslim immigration is the last wave of migration in Canada. A quarter of a century ago things changed profoundly. Tens of thousands of people from Muslim states have settled in Canada. This Muslim community, most of whom are young, physically immigrated to Canada, but leaving the country of origin the emigrant carries with him all the customs, culture and landmarks that found his convictions and form his personality. In addition, Sharia has entered Canadian administrations and courts, including Quebec. A number of Islamic issues are at the center of discussions in Quebec's Parliament. This has generated, therefore, an inevitable conflict between Quebec and Muslim norms. This conflict profoundly affects the lives of Muslims in their relations with others in Quebec. The profound cultural divergences caused by migratory flows transform into international private law into a conflict of jurisdictions and a conflict of laws. But, this is in no way a conflict of civilization.

Author Keywords: Immigration, conflict of civilization, Quebec Legal system, conflict of jurisdictions, Muslim legal systems, conflict of laws, Legal Pluralism.

Abstract: (french)

L’immigration musulmane est la dernière vague migratoire au Canada. Il y a un quart de siècle les choses ont profondément changé. Des dizaines de milliers de ressortissants d’États musulmans se sont installés au Canada. Cette communauté musulmane, dont la plupart sont des jeunes, a immigrée physiquement au Canada, mais en quittant son pays d’origine l’émigrant charrie avec lui tous les usages, la culture et les repères qui fondent ses convictions et forment sa personnalité. Par ailleurs la Charia est entrée aux administrations et aux tribunaux canadiens y compris le Québec. Un certain nombre de questions islamiques sont au centre des discussions dans les assemblées législatives du Québec. Ce qui a générée, par conséquent, un conflit inévitable entre les normes québécoises et musulmanes. Ce conflit affecte en profondeur la vie des musulmans dans leurs relations avec les autres sur le territoire québécois. Les profondes divergences culturelles suscitées par les flux migratoires se transforment en droit international privé en conflit de juridictions et en conflit de lois. Mais, Il s’agit en aucun cas d’un conflit de civilisation.

Author Keywords: Immigration, conflit de civilisation, système juridique québécois, conflit de juridictions, systèmes juridiques musulmans, conflit de lois, pluralisme juridique.

How to Cite this Article

Kamal Yassine, “Quebec Legal system and Muslim legal systems : Conflict of civilization or conflict of Norms ?,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1115–1123, October 2018.