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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Sunday 23 January 2022

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Financial stress of the banking system and economic growth in WAEMU: Do the effects of monetary policy and public debt matter ?


Volume 27, Issue 1, August 2019, Pages 171–177

 Financial stress of the banking system and economic growth in WAEMU: Do the effects of monetary policy and public debt matter ?

Kpégo Didier Anatole GBENOU1

1 PhD in Economics. Researcher in the Directorate of Studies and Research of Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO), Senegal

Original language: English

Copyright © 2019 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


This paper analyzed the effects of the monetary policy and public debt on the relationship between the financial stress of the banking system and economic growth in the WAEMU countries from 1990 to 2016. From a panel smooth transition regression estimation, the results indicate that the relationship between the GDP growth and the degree of financial stress depends on the changes in the policy rate and the level of the debt-to-GDP ratio. We find that: (i) in a high financial stress regime, a restrictive monetary policy and a high debt-to-GDP ratio have a negative effect on economic growth - (ii) a monetary expansion and a low debt-to-GDP tend to mitigate the negative effects of high financial stress on the GDP - (iii) in a regime of low financial stress in the banking sector, economic growth reacts positively, regardless of the activism of the monetary policy strategies and the level of the ratio of public debt-to-GDP.

Author Keywords: Financial stress, monetary policy, public debt, economic growth, panel smooth transition regression, WAEMU.


How to Cite this Article


Kpégo Didier Anatole GBENOU, “Financial stress of the banking system and economic growth in WAEMU: Do the effects of monetary policy and public debt matter ?,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 171–177, August 2019.