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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 27 May 2024

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  Call for Papers - June 2024     |     Now IJIAS is indexed in EBSCO, ResearchGate, ProQuest, Chemical Abstracts Service, Index Copernicus, IET Inspec Direct, Ulrichs Web, Google Scholar, CAS Abstracts, J-Gate, UDL Library, CiteSeerX, WorldCat, Scirus, Research Bible and getCited, etc.  
 
 
 

Analysis of risk factors for stroke in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo


Volume 38, Issue 1, November 2022, Pages 169–176

 Analysis of risk factors for stroke in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

Salakiaku Luntadila Djani1 and Jean Nyandwe Kyloka2

1 University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, BP 127 Kinshasa XI, RD Congo
2 University of Kinshasa, Faculty of Medicine, BP 127 Kinshasa XI, RD Congo

Original language: English

Copyright © 2022 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Stroke is a major public health problem in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The overall objective of this study is to analyze the risk factors for stroke in the hospital setting of Kinshasa. A descriptive interview survey was conducted among 105 patients hospitalized in Kinshasa who had developed stroke. The results show that the non-modifiable risk factors among the patients surveyed were advanced age (over 55 and 65 years for men and women, respectively), sex (predominantly male), and family history (hypertension and diabetes), whereas the modifiable risk factors were excessive tobacco and alcohol consumption, low consumption of fruits and vegetables, and regular consumption of vegetable oil. Intermediate risk factors included lack of physical activity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and abdominal obesity. The prevalence of stroke was ischemic and hypertension was the most important cardiovascular risk factor, followed by excessive alcohol consumption and smoking. The results obtained demonstrate the need for adequate management of cardiovascular risk factors in patients and prevention of recurrences.

Author Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors, Patients, Stroke, Kinshasa.


How to Cite this Article


Salakiaku Luntadila Djani and Jean Nyandwe Kyloka, “Analysis of risk factors for stroke in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 169–176, November 2022.