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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
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Characterization of cereal consumption in Cotonou, Benin


Volume 38, Issue 2, December 2022, Pages 262–270

 Characterization of cereal consumption in Cotonou, Benin

Mouhamed N. El-Hadji Alassane Moutawakilou1, J. Kisito Chabi-Sika2, Agossou D. P. Noumavo3, Haziz Sina4, Joseph Dossou5, Adolphe Adjanohoun6, Lamine Baba-Moussa7, and Farid Baba-Moussa8

1 Laboratoire de Microbiologie et des Technologies Alimentaires, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
2 Agence Béninoise de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments, Ministère de l’Agriculture de l’Elevage et de la Pèche, Cotonou, Benin
3 Laboratoire de Microbiologie et des Technologies Alimentaires, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
4 Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
5 Laboratoire de Bioingénierie des Procédés Alimentaires, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin
6 Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin. BP 884 Cotonou, Benin
7 Department of Biochemistry, University of Abomey-Calavi, Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Laboratory of Biology and Molecular Typing in Microbiology, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin
8 Laboratoire de Microbiologie et des Technologies Alimentaires, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Abomey-Calavi, Benin

Original language: English

Copyright © 2022 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The cereal group occupies a prominent place in the dietary habits of the populations of southern Benin and there are few recent consumption data on cereals. This study aims to assess the consumption, acquisition and supply of cereals to households in Cotonou. A semi-directive survey with KoBoCollect was conducted with 345 households to collect individual cereal food consumption data. The survey data studied by inferential statistics showed that the most consumed cereals are corn (99%, p=1), rice (85%, p=0.936), wheat (35%, p=0.999), sorghum (15%, p=0.659), millet (10%, p=0.971) and fonio at less than 5%. The most common mode of acquisition is buying from secondary market (95%, p=0.987) and street (85%, p=0.999) retailers. The most used preservation techniques are: drying at room temperature (70%, p=0.619) and keeping the product away from light (30%, p=0.806). Households most often dry in areas laid out at home (70%, p=0.984) or at the edge of the road (30%, p=0.939). Storage places are very diverse: the kitchen (45%, p=0.871), the bedroom (40%, 0.998), the living room (25%, p=0.900) and the store (20, 0.931). In addition, the supply costs of cereals increased from 0.009 USD to 0.056 USD between 2020 and 2021. This vertiginous rise in prices is due to the covid19 pandemic. The various data emitted make it possible not only to have fresh data but also to invest them in the assessment of health risks for the achievement of a high level of protection of the health and life of consumers.

Author Keywords: cereals, survey, consumption data, food security, Benin.


How to Cite this Article


Mouhamed N. El-Hadji Alassane Moutawakilou, J. Kisito Chabi-Sika, Agossou D. P. Noumavo, Haziz Sina, Joseph Dossou, Adolphe Adjanohoun, Lamine Baba-Moussa, and Farid Baba-Moussa, “Characterization of cereal consumption in Cotonou, Benin,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 262–270, December 2022.