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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Monday 20 May 2024

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Analysis of the structure and ecology of Diospyros mespiliformis in the drained area of Western Niger


Volume 38, Issue 2, December 2022, Pages 332–343

 Analysis of the structure and ecology of Diospyros mespiliformis in the drained area of Western Niger

Ado Ali1, Manirou Oumarou2, Mahaman Hamissou Illo Souley3, Inoussa Maman Maârouhi4, Mahamane Ali5, and Mahamane Saâdou6

1 University of Agadez, Faculty of Science and Technology, PO Box 199 Agadez, Niger
2 University Abdou Moumouni of Niamey, Faculty of Science and Technology, Departement of Biology Garba Mounkaila Laboratory, PO Box 10662 Niamey, Niger
3 University Diffa, Faculty of Science and technology, Departement of Biology, Po Box: Maradi, Niger
4 Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Département de Biologie, Laboratoire Garba Mounkaila, BP: 10662 Niamey, Niger
5 Université de Diffa, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, BP 78, Diffa, Niger
6 University Abdou Moumouni of Niamey, Faculty of Science and Technology, Departement of Biology Garba Mounkaila Laboratory, PO Box 10662 Niamey, Niger

Original language: English

Copyright © 2022 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


The ecology of a species is a fundamental aspect in its sustainable management. The objective is to study the ecological and floristic characteristics of plant formations with D. mespiliformis. The study was conducted in western Niger along the main tributaries of the Niger River crossing two agroecologicals compartments. Abiotic factors and forestry data where collected in 220 plots of 2500 m2. Thus, the species is present in all types of soil in the area near streams. The area is moderately diverse with 41 woody species dominated by D. mespiliformis with 50% of Importance Value Index. The Shannon diversity index was 2.61 in Dargol and 2.19 in Goroubi and the Sorensen similarity index between the two zones was 0.62. The density of D. mespiliformis per hectare is 46.04 in Dargol and 33.19 in Goroubi. The demographic structure of its population of all species shows a dominance of small diameter individuals evolving into sawtooth characterized by anthropogenic pressure. These results constitute a scientific basis for the sustainable management of this food and multi-use species, which is one of the species in decline in the area.

Author Keywords: Diospyros mespiliformis, ecology, structure, Niger.


How to Cite this Article


Ado Ali, Manirou Oumarou, Mahaman Hamissou Illo Souley, Inoussa Maman Maârouhi, Mahamane Ali, and Mahamane Saâdou, “Analysis of the structure and ecology of Diospyros mespiliformis in the drained area of Western Niger,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 332–343, December 2022.