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International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies
ISSN: 2028-9324     CODEN: IJIABO     OCLC Number: 828807274     ZDB-ID: 2703985-7
 
 
Wednesday 17 July 2024

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Phytochemical study and antioxidant activity of Prosopis africana leaf extracts


Volume 40, Issue 2, August 2023, Pages 545–552

 Phytochemical study and antioxidant activity of Prosopis africana leaf extracts

Fatia Moustapha1, Xavier Worowounga2, Semboli Olivia3, Namkona Armel Frédéric4, Koueni-Ouakounda Kevin Hermann5, and Jean-Laurent Syssa-Magalé6

1 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic
2 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic
3 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic
4 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic
5 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic
6 Laboratoire d’Architecture, d’Analyse et Réactivité des Substances Naturelles (LAARSN) Faculté des Sciences, Université de Bangui, BP908 Bangui, Central African Republic

Original language: English

Copyright © 2023 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract


Introduction: The species we have chosen is Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) of the Fabaceae family is a medium-sized shrub that can reach about 30 m in height and is widespread in tropical Africa, locally known in the Central African pharmacopoeia. It is a species widely used in traditional medicine for its therapeutic properties. Objectives: As part of the valorization of medicinal plants used in the Central African pharmacopoeia, the interest of this work is focused on ethnobotanical investigations, chemical screening and antioxidant activity of Prosopis africana. Methods: Four solvents of different polarities were used (cyclohexane, dichloromethane, acetone and methanol) for extraction. Qualitative analyses were based on staining reactions, followed by quantification by the 96-well plate reader to determine polyphenols, tannins, flavonoids and anthocyanins. Results: The extraction results showed that the methanol extract has the best yield of 14.45%. Qualitative analyzes revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, sterols, triterpenes and saponosides. The polyphenol content was better than the other families of compounds quantified (Table 2). It varies between 42,90 and 247.89 mg of gallic acid equivalent (EqAG) /g. The methanol and acetone extracts have strong antioxidant activity. They have respectively the percentages of inhibition of DPPH the values ​​98.47±00.70 and 98.55±00.10% (Figure 5). Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed using the «FactoMineR» and «factoextra» packages of the R software circle of variable correlation. The best Person (r) correlation coefficient obtained was 0.95 between polyphenols and DPPH inhibition. Conclusion: The phytochemical study revealed the presence of certain molecules such as polyphenols and alkaloids, which can give Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) its therapeutic properties.

Author Keywords: Prosopis africana, extraction, phytochemical and antioxidant activity.


How to Cite this Article


Fatia Moustapha, Xavier Worowounga, Semboli Olivia, Namkona Armel Frédéric, Koueni-Ouakounda Kevin Hermann, and Jean-Laurent Syssa-Magalé, “Phytochemical study and antioxidant activity of Prosopis africana leaf extracts,” International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 545–552, August 2023.